Mixing is the process of taking the individual tracks of a multitrack recording and blending them to a mono, stereo, or surround output.


The process of mixing is done for practical, aesthetic, or creative reasons. The goal is to produce a mix that is appealing to listeners.

During mixing, the following items are manipulated by the mixing engineer:

  • The individual tracks’ level or volume against other tracks. This creates an overall balance of the music.
  • The frequency content of both the individual tracks as well as the overall mix.
  • The dynamics of the individual tracks.
  • The panoramic position of the individual tracks.
  • The perceived depth of the individual tracks.
  • Any other effects for creative purposes.


Izhaki, Roey. Mixing Audio.

Senior, Mike. Mixing Secrets for the Small Studio.

Stavrou, Michael Paul. Mixing with your Mind.